Portrait gallery of the XVIII century

Unknown Russian artist II floor. XVIII century. Portrait of Tsar Ivan IV (Ivan Vasilyevich). (A copy from the original Belsky, engraved by Stenglin). Canvas, oil.

Unknown Russian artist II floor. XVIII century. Portrait of Tsar Feodor Alekseevich Oil on canvas. 

Kuskovo's Portrait Gallery is the only one preserved almost entirely (123 portraits) from similar manor collections. Founded in the second half of the 18th century by PB Sheremetev and continued by his son, NP Sheremetev, she is a unique collection of portrait art of the 18th - early 20th centuries. XIX centuries. Established PB Sheremetev principle of drawing a gallery of portraits of "glorious persons" of different times and countries later became the main one in the formation of portrait galleries in Russian manors.

The gallery began with images of Russian rulers of pre-Petrine time: from Ivan the Terrible to Tsar Ivan Alekseevich. They were followed by representatives of the house of the Romanovs until the end of the XVIII century. A significant part of the gallery was given to portraits of prominent Russian statesmen and military leaders of the 18th century. And they completed the "parade of portraits" representatives of the ruling dynasties of Western countries.

 The composition of the Portrait Gallery includes works by Russian - famous and unknown - artists and Western European masters.